A drill press is a regular mechanism in our day to day life. People who deal with serious woodworks can evaluate the value and necessity of a quality drill press.
Having a good drill press can be quite tricky if you are not familiar with some drill press basic . Without having proper knowledge about the functionalities of the machine you are going to purchase, there is a high chance that soon you have to pay the price.
Hence, it is our duty to help you get aware of those terms that can assist you to choose a durable and better performing drill press for your workshop.
Today I will highlight some drill press basic and essential functionalities . So that next time you are about to purchase, you don’t suffer from lack of due information about a drill press.
Let’s not waste anymore and get into the main points.
Drill Press Basic Terms To Learn About
A drill press can be quite a complex machinery if you don’t know the proper functionalities and characteristics of it. However, if you follow and get well known with the terms that I am going to discuss below, you will understand a clear picture of a drill press.
The head of the drill press has a set of three handles. These handles radiate from the central hub, and they help to move the spindle and chuck vertically. The head is considered to be the essential part of a drill press as the motor is located here.
The head consists of three important materials and one feed mechanism. The major three elements are sleeve, spindle, electric motor.
The electric motor delivers the power that in turn drives the spindle. This is the process by which the drill press drills different metals.
Head handles entire different mechanism of the drill press. The feed lever provides rack and pinion gearing which in turn allows the upper and downward movements.
Stroke in a drill press is the measurement of depth that can be achieved by your drill press. It is considered to give an accurate measure of the deepness of variable cuts.
You will find different strokes in different drill models. Such as benchtop models come with moderate stroke whereas floor top models come with longer strokes that can cut through strong and thicker materials.
In a word, a stroke is the capacity of depth control in a drill press. Different drill press comes with different strokes. Longer strokes cut through more extended depth whereas it is the opposite for the shorter strokes. On an average, you will get a stroke of 3 inches common to most of the drill presses.
Throat depth gives you a measurement of the size of your drill press. It is the distance between the chuck and column. Your drill press size is two times larger than the throat depth. Hence, you can quickly figure out the size of your drill press, if you already know the throat depth.
Throat depth is also known as Swing.
Every drill press is unique with individual swing. Hence also it varies from models to models.
In drill press, benchtop models have lower swings of 10-12 inch whereas floor standing models come with higher swing between 15-17 inch.
The spindle is the most important part of a drill press. While performing different drilling projects, the spindle rotates to keep the drillings in harmony each time.
Spindle holds drill or cutting tools- you can adjust it according to your requirement. However, drilling bits can be attached to the spindle as well.
During the drilling operation, the spindle is the part that gets more damaged as it is exposed to excessive pressure.
However, one can easily recover the damaged spindle from their drill press. In most cases, they won’t even need the help of professionals hence saving them a lot of money to buy a whole new drill press for a damaged part.
Spindle Travel is not a constructional feature. It is more of a measurement that measures the ultimate depth of the holes that is to be achieved during the rotation of the spindle.
Spindle Travel is directly connected to the spindle. It is the measurement of the distance spindle can cross straight from entirely up to fully down position.
A drilling press is having spindle travel of 2-inch means, that spindle can drill a hole up to 2 inches. It is a very important factor to keep in mind while buying a drill press.
Sleeve Or Quill
A Sleeve also is known as quill is the housing of the spindle. It is a cylindrical hollow shaft that keeps the spindle safe as it rotates. It is designated to adapt to the movements of the spindle.
Hence you can move it upward and downward followed by your requirement. This allows you to have more control and freedom over your work when a new cutting piece is delivered or withdrawn from the drill press.
However, the sleeve doesn’t rotate. It only has a vertical motion that allows it to move upward and downward. The bearings attached to it helps spindle transfer the motor drive to the mounted spindle.
Column decides the height of the drill press. It supports both the head and sleeve assembly. Hence, it is considered one of the vital constructional features of the drill press. It is so far the robust part of your drill press.
The column is supported by the base of the drill press directly. It is solid and cylindrical. The column promotes the worktable. Due to the very purpose served by the column, it is the backbone of the drill press.
Key chuck offers a special functionality with your workpiece. It allows us to have better grips with your projects.
More or less every drill press comes with a key chuck with a capacity of ½ inch.
Although a key chuck is not a mandatory feature of your drill press. Still, it is expected to have one as it serves many essential accessories of the drill press fit perfectly within the geared chuck.
A worktable is a common feature for every drill press. Having a drill press without a robust worktable is useless. The worktable is that part of your drill press where you put your workpiece and carry on the drillings.
It is attached to the column of the drill press and mainly made of steel. But you can also custom order the worktable as well.
Worktables are available both in fixed and movable version. For models that offer a fixed worktable, you are deprived of the benefits to adjust your worktable as per your requirement.
As for adjustable worktables, the movement is controlled by clamps that allow monitored movement of worktable between head and base. Clamps allow to set up your worktable at a different height to adjust with your work.
You will also be provided with slots with worktable. Slots will allow clamping and holding fixtures. Some worktables come with plywood or particleboard as well.
Features we mentioned above are the most common features found in a drill press. However, features like throat depth or stroke and spindle travel don’t fall into the constructional features of a drill press. And in most cases, these parameters are unique for different drill presses.
Memorize the terms as you should be. It will come in real handy for you when you are about to buy a drill press for real.
Hope this article is useful to you. If it does, you can share your friends also and let them know the essential features of a drill press. For more like this, keep an eye on our blog.